Словари Knowledge Base Эксперты Форум
 
      Войти
Economicus Comments


Авторы, редакторы, переводчики (0)
   
Добрякова М. С. (505)


actor maximization or optimization
actor-network theory
acts of economizing
acts of sharing
adaptability
adaptation
adulteration
affiliation ties
affiliations
affirmative obligation
agenda setting
alliance capitalism
allowance
alters
appropriational
appropriative changes
appropriative movements
approximations to the contextual facts of valuations
arrangements
array of firms
array of niches
assignments of associations
association
asymmetrical temporality
atomized, undersocialized conception
attachment
axial principles
backwash effect
bargaining
bargaining perspective
being-in-relation
bids
bildung
blocked exchanges
boundary changes
bounded rationality
broker
brokering
business failure rate
butter money
buyer-driven
calculative agencies
calculus centers
capital conversion
career timing
centrality
centricity
chain migration
challengers
characteristic-based
circuits of culture
civic-industrial compromise
cliques
cliquing
coercive mechanisms
cognitive embeddedness
cognitive maps
cohesive groupings
cohesive paths
cohesive structures
cohesively-linked recombinants
collaborative communication
collaborative manufacturing
collaborative media
collaborative organization
collaborative production
collectively-owned capital
colonial partition
command and communication lines
commodification
commoditization
communitarian
competence-destroying innovations
composite coordination device
conception of control
conceptions of control
conceptual umbrella
confidence rackets
consecration
conservation
constitution
constitutive exchange
contractual environments
control of control
control projects
convertability
cooperative culture
core
corporate interlocks
corrupt
costless transactions
coupon system
Cox proportional hazards model
craft organization
creative cohesion
credential
credible commitments
critical uncertainty
crowded
cultural competence
cultural construction
cultural embeddedness
cultural scripts
currencies
dealer market
death money
decisional exchange
defensive cohesion
density dependence
dependency theory
depreciative characterization
deskilling
developmental state
disembedding
disembedding mechanisms
dispositif
disposition
distributed authority
distributed cognition
distributed intelligence
distribution of rights
diversity of capitalism
domestification
dominant groups
dominated groups
durable networks
earmarking
economic valuation
economies des conventions
economies of scale
economistic fallacy
embedded autonomy
embeddedness
embezzlement
embodied state
embodiment
em-bodiment
employment insurance
enforceable trust
engagement
entrenched groups
epistemic things
equipment
establishing value
evotopias
exchange
exogenous theory of market transformation
explicit and implicit contracts
explosive
export-oriented model
failure time models
fair pricing
figurational sociology
fitness landscapes
flex-ploitation
focal firm
folk sociology
foreign direct insulation
foreign direct investment, FDI
foreign directed embedding
foreign-led network formation
formal rationality
forms of the probable
frames
fraud
frictionless imagery
fun money
fungible
gatekeepers’ rents
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, GATT
generalized media of communication
generalized morality
genes-trader
get action
giving worth
global commodity chains
global development networks
glued-together family
golden handcuffs
golden parachute
golden parachutes
governance structures
governance systems
grand narratives
greenmail
guanxi
guile
habitualities
hard times tokens
hazards of the market
heterarchy
hidden rationalities
higgling
higgling-haggling
homophily
hot markets
illegal economy
impersonal common denominator
implicit contract
import substitution
import-substituted industrialization
import-substituting industrialization, ISI
incumbents
indefinit spans of time-space
indel-издержки
industrial cultures
industrial districts
industrial policy paradigms
industries downstream
informal economies of survival, dependent exploitation, and growth
informal economy
initial act of institution
instituted process
institutedness
instituting
instituting acts
institution rites
institutional actors
institutional complimentarities
institutional level
institutional logics
institutional money
institutional/statist
institutionalized environments
institutionalized state
institution-based
interbank spot
interdependence
interest aggregation
interlocking directorates
International Trade Organization, ITO
interplay of markets
interpopulation level
intra-enterprise partnerships
intrapopulation level
intuitive judgement
investment in forms
inward-oriented model
iron-clad contracts
joint accounts
judgement
junk jobs
K-strategies
lack of completeness
lack of object
lacking
late developers
lean government
learning economy
legal ownership
liability of newness
libido sciendi
linkages
links
local social orders
locational movements
lock in
lock-in
malfeasance
manageable partnerships
market failures
market intervention
market profile
market reconstruction
market-oriented ISI strategy
markets as politics
material-resource environment
mediation
medium of exchange
medium of market exchange
mental accounting
merchant empires
misappropriation
misrecognition
money orders
monies
monitoring
mono-economics
moral hazard
moral money
mover-stayer model
multiple currencies
multiple symmetry
multiple sympolizations
murkiness
murky worlds
mutual fund portfolio manager
negotiated order
network
network centralization
network properties
networking
networks of «developmental associations»
networks of access and opportunity
networks of place
new institutional economics
new knowledge classes
newly industrialized countries, NIC
night watchman state
node
nodes
noncompetitive forms of competition
noncompetitive order
nondependency
nonmanagement shareholders
non-redundant contacts
object shift
object-centered sociality
objectified state
object-relations
ongoing supply relationships
open outcry exchanges
operationally induced choice
optimal matching analysis
optimal matching of sequences
order of goods
order-markets
orders of worth
organizational fitness
organizational hedging
organization-centered strategies
original position
over-coordinated
overinstitutional
over-socialized
oversocialized conception
ownership networks
panning-oriented ISI strategy
passional economy
path dependence
patrimonialism
patterns
paycheck
pecking order
pecuniary emulation
peers
perfect competition
perfect market
performative magic of the power of insituting
periphery
pin money
plausibility
pliability of institutions
pocket money
political embeddedness
political-cultural approach
polyethic groupings of competences
pools of distinctive competences
population ecology
population ecology of organizations
postlegitinacy issues
postsocial interrelationships
pragmatic regimes of engagement
predatory state
price discovery
price integrity
primitive money
process-based
producer- and buyer-driven commodity chains
producer-driven
profile of rivalry
property
property rights
proximity
qualification
R&D networks
rates of firm death
rational choice theory
reacknowledgment of proximity
reciprocity
redesign
redistribution
reflective loop
reflex-like actions
regime of worth
regimes of engagement
regulation school
regulatory states
repeated-game model
residual claims
resource dependency
resourcefulness
reversibility of the conversion
revolving credit associations
rights allocation
robust action
robust structure
role-taking formula
rootedness
rotating credit associations
routines
RREEMM
r-specialists
rugged
rules of exchange
rеalitе sociale
salary
savage society
savings stamps
scarcity postulate
schooling explosion
scripts
secularization of the economic
selfprovisioning
semiperiphery
sequence analysis
service сlass
sets of work constellations
shared knowledge
shared representations
shirking
shrinkage
shrinking of hierarchy
signified
signifier
simulations
simultaneous engineering
slash and grow
smart money
sociability
social anomalies
social proximity
social skill
socialised subjectivity
socialization-of-investment argument
socializing
socially constituted
socially created currency
socially instituted
societies of multiple spaces
socioculturally engineered consensus
sociology of development
sorting
special monies
special purpose money
spending money
spread effect
staples approach
staples trap
star-shaped spin-off structures
startups
state concertation
state of nature
stocks of foreign capital
storage-cum -redistribution
strategic alliances
strategic manipulations
strong ties
structural equivalence
substantive rationality
substantivist school
substitutabilities
substitute currency
subtleties
supportive pattern
symmetricall arranged groupings
system of provision
tainted money
technical performances
technology of mistrust
temporality
tertius gaudens
the unanticipated consequences of purposive action
tie
ties that bind
tin can accounting
tip
tit-for-tat strategy
token economies
tradeoffs in valuations
trading pit
transaction costs
transaction orientation
transferability
transnational economic linkage, TNEL
triangle manufacturing
trigger strategies
trust-building activities
underclass
underground economy
underground, illegal, or informal economy
unemployment insurance
unfolding structure
unintended consequences
unitary actors
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development , UNСTAD
unraveling
unrecorded economy
unreported economy
unrestricted money
upgrading
upper-primary, lowerprimary, secondary labor markets
upskilling
upstream and downstream
valuation sensitivities
value
value-free market money
variation-finding comparative approach
vigilance
visionary leaders
wage-earner funds
Ward hierarchical clustering
wastage
weak ties
world-system theory
actor maximization or optimization

Принцип максимизации или оптимизации актора [actor maximization or optimization]. Наиболее характерной для неоклассической экономической теории и, следовательно, несущей основную ответственность за ее дедуктивные возможности является посылка о том, что действия индивидов направлены на максимизацию полезности. В более широком смысле это означает, что индивиды всегда ориентированы на некую цель и что как только эта цель определена, последующие действия, предпринимаемые индивидом, являются, с его/ее точки зрения, наиболее эффективным путем ее достижения. В теории рационального выбора используются оба определения – и узкое, и широкое. Но какое бы определение мы ни приняли, именно эта посылка является источником дедуктивных возможностей этой теории в социологии точно так же, как и в неоклассической экономической теории.

Автор:
Переводчик:
Редактор:
Название:
Экономическая социология с точки зрения рационального выбора.
Экономическая социология. Т. 5, № 3, 2004



1




Обратная связь

Если Вы не нашли какого-либо термина
или нашли какую-либо неточность в наших статьях,
оставьте нам сообщение.
Настройки
Всегда показывать толкование
Всегда показывать примеры
Всегда показывать тезаурус

(c) 2007-2009 Economicus, ABBYY, ВШМ СПбГУ